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Australian Citizenship Application Guide

September 5, 2023
Myer Lipschitz

Most people dream of becoming an Australian citizen, a privilege that signifies a profound commitment to the values and aspirations of this remarkable nation. Being an Australian citizen means you can play an active role in your community and have the right to take part in all parts of Australian life, like society, the economy, and politics.

However, this journey necessitates a comprehensive understanding of the Australian citizenship application process, including eligibility criteria, essential documentation, the citizenship test, and the heart-warming citizenship ceremony.

Whether you are a permanent resident keen to strengthen your connection with Australia or an international individual eager to embrace the cultural richness of this land, this guide will show you the path to becoming an Australian citizen and give you the confidence to take each step.

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Australian Citizenship Eligibility

To qualify for Australian citizenship, you must meet specific eligibility criteria. These include being a permanent resident of Australia, aged between 18 and 60, and having lived in the country for four continuous years immediately before applying. At least the last 12 months of this period must be spent as a permanent resident.

You can make use of the Residence Calculator to get an idea of your eligibility by calculating the number of days you’ve spent living in Australia.

Beyond these foundational requirements, you’ll need to demonstrate good moral character, have a basic proficiency in English, and show an understanding of Australian values, rights, and responsibilities. You can validate these qualifications by passing either the Australian Citizenship Test or undergoing the Australian Citizenship Interview.

Required documents and necessary preparations

Prior to submitting your Australian citizenship application, it’s crucial to meticulously compile all required documentation. Here are some of the documents you may need:

  1. Proof of Identity: Valid forms include a passport, driver’s license, or other government-issued identification.
  2. Birth Certificate: This serves as proof of your age and nationality.
  3. Proof of Residence: Acceptable documents can range from utility bills and rental agreements to mortgage statements, showcasing your residential history in Australia.
  4. Additional Documents: Depending on your circumstances or the specific visa type you possess, you may also need to provide other supplementary documents. These could include marital status certificates, name change documents, or employment records, among others.

Ensure that the documents you attach to your application are high-quality colour scans. Poorly scanned or incomplete documents can lead to delays or even rejection of your application.

If there’s any uncertainty or ambiguity concerning the required documentation, consulting an immigration lawyer is a prudent step. Legal experts can help you navigate complex regulations, ensuring that your application package is both comprehensive and accurate, thus enhancing your chances of a successful application.

a person applying for Australian citizenship

How to Apply for Australian Citizenship

Step-by-step guide to submitting the Australian citizenship application

  1. Check your eligibility: First, check your eligibility requirements on the Department of Home Affairs website. If you meet the criteria, create an ImmiAccount to begin your online application. Fill out the appropriate form and complete all the required sections. If online submission isn’t feasible for you, a paper application option is also available.
  2. Gather supporting documents: Prepare all the necessary documents, including identity documents, proof of residence, proof of name change (if applicable), and any other relevant documents.
  3. Complete the application form: Fill in the Application for Australian Citizenship – General Eligibility (Form 1300t) or the form that corresponds to your particular circumstances.
  4. Submit your application: You can submit your application online, by post, or in person at a designated Australian Government Department of Home Affairs office.
  5. Attend your appointment: After your application is submitted, you’ll receive an appointment for either an interview, a citizenship test, or both. Ensure you attend this appointment and successfully complete any required assessments.
  6. Receive your outcome: Once your application has undergone evaluation, you will be informed of the decision. If your application is approved, you’ll receive an invitation to a citizenship ceremony, where you’ll take the Australian Citizenship Pledge, formalizing your status as an Australian citizen.

Application Fees

Upon successfully submitting your application, the subsequent step involves paying the applicable application fee, which varies depending on the type of application you’re pursuing.

  • Application for Australian Citizenship – General Eligibility: The fee for this category is $540.
  • Application for Australian Citizenship – Other Situations: For applications falling under other specific situations, the fee is $330.

Processing Time For Australian Citizenship

When applying for Australian citizenship, it’s essential to be aware of the timeline involved in the process. After achieving permanent residency, you might wonder about the expected duration to acquire citizenship.

The processing time for Australian citizenship applications can vary based on multiple factors, such as the method of application, and may experience fluctuations. Generally, the Department of Home Affairs processes applications in the order they are received, following their submission date.

  • Citizenship by Conferral: For this pathway, 90% of applications are typically processed within nine months. Following approval, most applicants are invited to a citizenship ceremony within six months.
  • Citizenship by Descent: The timeline is shorter for those applying through this route. Around 90% of such applications are completed within approximately four months.

These timeframes are indicative and may fluctuate. To stay current, monitor your application status through the Department of Home Affairs website.

The Australian Citizenship Test

The Australian Citizenship Test plays a crucial role in your journey to becoming an Australian citizen. It assesses your knowledge of Australia, its history, values, and culture, as well as your English language skills. This test demonstrates your commitment and willingness to becoming an integral part of the Australian community.

To pass the Australian citizenship test, you need to achieve a mark of at least 75% overall. The test consists of 20 multiple-choice questions, five of which focus on Australian values. You must answer all five of these correctly to pass.

The official study resource, “Australian Citizenship: Our Common Bond,” is highly recommended for preparation. The booklet provides all the relevant information to succeed in this citizenship test.

If you do not pass the citizenship test on your first attempt, don’t feel disheartened. You have the opportunity to retake the test. It’s usually advised to spend more time studying and practising before booking another test appointment.

Australian Citizenship Certificate

The Australian Citizenship Certificate is an essential document, as it serves as official proof that you are an Australian citizen. This certificate is crucial when applying for an Australian passport or asserting your citizenship rights with various government organisations and authorities.

After your citizenship application gets approved, you can apply for the certificate. To do so, you are required to meet specific requirements set by the Department of Home Affairs. Be sure to provide accurate information while applying to avoid any delays or discrepancies in the issuance of your citizenship certificate.

learn the process of becoming an Australian citizen

Australian Citizenship Ceremony

Attending a citizenship ceremony is a crucial and meaningful step in your journey to becoming an Australian citizen. It serves as the culmination of your application process, where you will make the pledge of commitment. This event signifies your dedication to Australia’s values and represents the beginning of your life as an Australian citizen.

The Citizenship Ceremony is not merely a procedural event; it’s a celebratory occasion that underscores your commitment to embracing Australian values and marks the official beginning of your new life as an Australian citizen. It is likely that your friends and family will be present, along with other new citizens and Australia’s local representatives.

Before attending the ceremony, you’ll receive an official invitation either from your local council or directly from the Department of Home Affairs. Your attendance is crucial—this is the stage where your Australian citizenship is officially conferred upon you. Should unforeseen circumstances prevent you from attending as scheduled, it’s important to notify the relevant authorities to reschedule your ceremony.

During the ceremony, a key element is the recitation of the Australian Citizenship Pledge. This is a critical part of the ceremony, during which you will formally declare your allegiance to Australia’s laws and values. It is advised to acquaint yourself with the words of the pledge in advance, ensuring you can recite it both accurately and meaningfully.

Following your pledge, you will be presented with your Australian Citizenship Certificate. This document is a vital legal instrument, enabling you to apply for an Australian passport and become eligible for specific employment opportunities.

Migrate to Australia

Our immigration lawyers and registered migration agents in Melbourne will be able to find you the best visa for your unique situation. You’ll be in good hands.

Attend a free seminar


Myer Lipschitz

Myer Lipschitz was born in Johannesburg and is a graduate of the University of the Witwatersrand. In 1985 he was conferred the degree Bachelor of Laws. Myer completed his Articles of Clerkship with Ivor Trackman, Attorneys and was admitted as an Attorney to the Supreme Court of South Africa in 1988. Myer immigrated to New Zealand in 1989 and was admitted to practice law in New Zealand as a Barrister and Solicitor of the High Court of New Zealand...

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    1. Post

      Hi Mohammed

      I would need to see a copy of your CV, expression of interest, your skills assessment and English-language results as well as the breakdown of points for your expression of interest to be able to comment as to why you haven’t been invited and what your chances are of receiving an invitation. You can email this information to me at and I’ll review this information and then advise you whether it’s worth your while spending AU$250 to have a detailed zoom consultation with me.